Siem Reap Angkor

Ta Prohm luthier with roneat A master luthier of Ta Prohm fine-tunes a traditional Khmer string instrument, the roneat.


Royal Ballet of Cambodia

Emblematic of Khmer culture for over a thousand years, the Royal Ballet and its epic of love and honour are revered by Cambodians. Classified by UNESCO as a masterpiece of the heritage of humanity, the Royal Ballet of Cambodia almost disappeared during the dark days of the late 1970s.


Khmer Shadow Theatre

Predating Ancient Angkor, Khmer shadow theatre tells the epic of Prince Ream on a white screen lit by the flicker of torches. Originally a religious ritual performed a few times a year, Nang Sbek has developed over millennia into an art popular with the young and old.


What to do in Siem Reap Angkor

Performing Arts


Khmer Classical Dance

Performances are still organised following religious sacraments by the handful of Khmer artists who still believe in preserving the finer arts. Episodes of the Reamker, or Khmer Ramayana, are performed here with accompanying musicians and singers. The audience is friendly and so are the actors and dancers. Very few people have had the privilege to attend a classical Ramayana performance by the Royal Ballet.

The Apsara Sor, or white apsara, is the equivalent of the danseuse étoile of the troupe. She is the embodiment of Khmer culture and the ideal of beauty with all the possible attributes of intellect, culture, and refinement! Apsaras have been trained in Cambodia for over twelve centuries. To become an apsara is to devote one's life, from early childhood, to rigorous physical and artistic training.


Khmer Shadow Theatre

There is a handful of performing troupes of Sbek Thom (literally large leather) shadow theatre in Phnom Penh and few more in the rest of Cambodia. Sbek Thom features two metre high leather puppets lit against a white screen by torches (or modern projectors), and a classical pin-peat music ensemble. Like the Royal Ballet, Sbek Thom has been inscribed by UNESCO to the list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

The origins of Lkhaon Nang Sbek may date back to pre-Angkorian times. A religious ritual, shadow theatre would take place three to four times a year on special occasions such as New Year or the King’s Birthday. The puppets are made from a single piece of leather and represent deities, cities, animals, battle scenes etc. The figures are drawn on the hides, cut out, and attached to bamboo sticks that will allow the dancers to manipulate them. Without any doubt, children, as well as older spectators, will cheer for Hanuman and his wily soldiers, the legendary monkey commander, son of the Wind God. Sbek Toch (small leather) and Sbek Poar (coloured leather) are other variations of classical Khmer shadow theatre.


Venues and Troupes

The Royal Ballet consists of a host of dancers, musicians, singers, stage and costume designers etc. from the Royal University of Fine Arts (RUFA) and the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts. These troupes are often on foreign tours and their performances should not be missed when in Cambodia. Generally opened to the public (except when entertaining foreign dignitaries), classical ballet and shadow theatre performances are likely to be held only on special occasions in selected venues in Phnom Penh, and occasionally at Angkor.

Amateur troupes perform at many of Siem Reap's hotels, including the Grand Hotel d'Angkor, and the Angkor Village Resort. These shows provide visitors glimpses of the aesthetics of Khmer classical dance, without however religious and ritual significance. The accompanying all-you-can-eat buffets are not usually conducive to philosophical and cultural musings. La Noria Hotel regularly organises shadow theatre and traditional dances as well.

Some positive Cambodian hip hop!



Many will be surprised to find out that long forgotten western classics such as “Love you more than I can say” and “Streets of San Francisco” are popular karaoke songs in Cambodia. Both Khmer and English versions are usually available. Karaoke is arguably the most popular Khmer pastime, right along pétanque, badminton and football. Visitors are often surprised to discover the average Cambodian will gladly make his melodious voice heard. There is in fact no such thing as closet singers in Cambodia, only karaoke singers. Karaoke is practiced in groups of friends in private booths. Drinks and food is ordered: beer, wine, juices and fresh fruits. After a few cans everybody is expected to shake a leg or an arm while somebody sings. If you get the opportunity, go karaoke with Cambodians and ask them to perform classic 1960s and 1970s songs by Son Sin Samut. Other favourites include romantic duets between a male and female singer, which is usually an endless source of gossips and innuendos.

Air-conditioned karaoke rooms are usually priced at US $5 per hour. Beware however, some “karaoke” parlors are simply bordellos in disguise. Always check with local city slickers that you are looking for a place to sing, a family outing where women customers are also welcome. Karaoke in Siem Reap’s beer gardens is best left to semi-professional singers as you could be the laughing stock of the whole restaurant, in good humour of course.

About Gnarfgnarf

Follow me, Gnarfgnarf the Travel Mouse, and my friends in cities around the world. See for yourself whether you like what the locals suggest: itineraries for cultural discoveries, fine cuisines or street foods, guesthouses or five-star hotels, shopping for souvenirs or handicraft, and other fun activities for insightful travel. Written by local city slickers and the natives!

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